|Business and Economics Faculty|
Michael Pakaluk – Ordinary Professor ad Interim
Michael Pakaluk received his Ph.D. in philosophy at Harvard University, where he studied philosophical logic with W.V. Quine, Burton Dreben, and Warren Goldfarb, philosophy of science with Hilary Putnam, and political philosophy with John Rawls. Rawls directed his dissertation, “Aristotle’s Theory of Friendship,” and Sarah Broadie (then at Yale) also served on the thesis committee.
Pakaluk counts as his main philosophical influences: Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas, Thomas Reid, and John Henry Newman. He encountered all four as a Marshall Scholar at the University of Edinburgh, where he wrote a thesis on Hume's Dialogues ("Hume's Naturalism and the Argument from Design"), became an expert in the main figures of the Scottish Enlightenment, and studied Aquinas and Newman under the guidance of the Dominican fathers there.
Pakaluk’s main work as a researcher has been in ancient philosophy, as he has authored many papers and three books concerned with Aristotelian ethics: Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, books VIII and IX (Oxford); Aristotle’s Ethics: An Introduction (Cambridge); and (with Giles Pearson) Moral Psychology and Human Action in Aristotle (Oxford). His work is typified by the drawing of philosophical consequences from careful attention to philological considerations. His deeper concern is the recovery of a just appreciation of the classical outlook.
But his interests span many areas of philosophy, including political philosophy, philosophy of psychology and professional ethics. His anthology of philosophical essays on friendship, Other Selves (Hackett), has played an important role in the recent revival of interest in the philosophical study of friendship. His groundbreaking work in accounting ethics, which is also highly technically informed, approaches the subject through the viewpoint of virtue ethics. His work in accounting ethics won extraordinary recognition for a philosopher when in 2009 he was invited to give a seminar for the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) on issues in accounting professionalism and ethics.
Pakaluk has held appointments of Associate Professor at Clark University in Massachusetts--where he also served in a long and distinguished tenure as the Director of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy--and as full Professor at the Institute for the Psychological Sciences and at Ave Maria University.
He has been Visiting Professor of Philosophy at Brown University and at Santa Croce (Rome), Visiting Scholar in Classics at Cambridge University, and Visiting Scholar in Public Philosophy at the University of St. Andrews. His blog, Dissoi Bloggoi, currently inactive, has been influential in classical philosophy. His opinion pieces have appeared in First Things, Crisis, and the Boston Pilot. The account of his conversion and life with his late wife, Ruth, is found in the best-selling book, The Appalling Strangeness of the Mercy of God, published by Ignatius Press.
In 2011 he was appointed an Ordinarius of the Pontifical Academy of St. Thomas Aquinas.
Pakaluk's avocations include golf, tennis, hiking, the french horn, espresso drinks and single malt scotch. His skill in mixing cocktails has won him among friends the moniker, "Cardinal Martini."
Publications and Presentations
Moral Psychology and Human Action in Aristotle
(with Giles Pearson), Oxford University Press, 2011.
with Mark Cheffers, Allen David Press, 2011
Understanding Accounting Ethics, 2nd edition
with Mark Cheffers Allen David Press, 2007
Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics: An Introduction
Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Nicomachean Ethics VIII and IX, translation with commentary
Clarendon Aristotle Series, 1998.
Other Selves: Philosophers on Friendship
Papers, White Papers, Comment Letters, and Presentations in Accounting and Accounting Ethics Related Areas
“Extended Auditor’s Reports in 2014 FTSE 100 Statutory Filings: The Brave New World of Audit Reporting,” (with Robert J. Kueppers, CPA, and John Pakaluk, CPA), Audit Analytics White Paper, December, 2015.
“Expanded Audit Reports in FTSE 100 Companies, 2013-2015: How Reports Change with Change of Auditor,” Audit Analytics White Paper, December 2015.
Comment letter to the PCAOB regarding Rulemaking Docket No. 037—Concept Release on Auditor Independence and Audit Firm Rotation (with Mark Cheffers), April 11, 2012.
Comment letter to the SEC regarding the proposed amendments to Regulation D, Form D, proposed in Release 33-9416, September 23, 2013.
“Reply to Karpoff et al. (2012), 'A Critical Analysis of Databases Used in Financial Misconduct Research',” August 8, 2012, SSRN no. 2127460.
“Accounting Professionalism and IFRS Convergence,” Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB), Norwalk, CT, July 21, 2009.
Comment letter to the SEC regarding the Roadmap to IFRS convergence, April 7, 2009.
“Some Fundamental Concepts of Professional Ethics for Accounting,” American Accounting Association national conference, August 6, 2008.
Papers in Classical Philosophy
“Aristotle” in the Cambridge History of Moral Philosophy, ed. Jens Timmermann and Sacha Golob, Cambridge University Press, 2015.
“On the Virtue of Epieikeia in Aristotle’s Ethics: Response to Francesca Piazza: La Virtu di Emone, Riflessioni sull’ epieikeia greca,” Aevum Antiquum, 2013.
"Reading Aristotle," in James Warren and F.C.C. Sheffield, eds., The Routledge Companion to Ancient Philosophy, Routledge, 2013.
“Structure and Method in Aquinas’s Appropriation of Aristotelian Ethical Theory”, in Tobias Hoffmann, Jörn Müller, and Matthias Perkams , eds., Thomas Aquinas and the Nicomachean Ethics, Cambridge University Press, 2013.
“Aristotle on Human Rights,” Ave Maria Law Review, vol. 10.1, Spring 2012.
“Mixed Actions and Double Effect”, in Michael Pakaluk and Giles Pearson, eds., Moral Psychology and Human Action in Aristotle, Oxford University Press, 2011, 211-32.
“The Unity of the Nicomachean Ethics,” in Jon Miller, ed., Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics: A Critical Guide, Cambridge University Press, 2011.
“Aristotle, Natural Law, and the Founders,” on the NEH supported website, Natural Law, Natural Rights, and American Constitutionalism, http://www.nlnrac.org/classical/aristotle.
“The Ultimate Final Argument,” Review of Metaphysics, 63.3, 2010, 643-677.
“The Great Question of Practical Truth—and a Diminutive Answer,” Acta Philosophica, 19.1, 2010. 145-59.
“Friendship,” in Georgios Anagnostopoulos, ed., Blackwell Companion to Aristotle, Wiley-Blackwell, 2009, pp. 471-82.
“Aristotle’s Ethics”, in M.L. Gill and P. Pellegrin, eds., Blackwell Companion to Ancient Philosophy, Blackwell, 2006, 374-392.
“Socratic Magnanimity in the Phaedo,” Ancient Philosophy, Spring 2004, 101-117.
“The Meaning of Aristotelian Magnanimity,” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Spring 2004, pp. 241-275.
“Degrees of Separation in the Phaedo,” Phronesis, vol. 48, 2003, pp. 1-27.
“On an Alleged Contradiction in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics,” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy , vol. 20 (spring), 2002, pp. 201-219.
“The Egalitarianism of the Eudemian Ethics,” Classical Quarterly, vol. 48, n. 2, 1998, pp. 411-432.
“EN VIII.9, 1160a14-30,” Classical Quarterly, 44 (n.s.), 1994, pp. 46-56.
“Political Friendship, Ancient and Modern,” in Lee Rouner, ed., Proceedings of the Boston University Institute for Philosophy and Religion, 1992-3, University of Notre Dame Press, 197-214.
“Friendship and the Comparison of Goods,” Phronesis 37, 1992, pp. 111-130.
Papers in Philosophy and the History of Philosophy
“The Meaning of Sex Differences and Marriage in Maritain,” under review.
“A Glance at the Face of God,” in Peter J. Bryson, ed., Roger Scruton on the Sacred, Queens/McGill University Press, forthcoming.
“The Significance of Sports,” chapter 5 in An American Life: Essays Dedicated to Michael Novak, ed. Elizabeth C. Shaw, Sapientia Press, 2015, pp.61-69.
“Writing from Left to Right,” chapter 7 in An American Life: Essays Dedicated to Michael Novak, ed. Elizabeth C. Shaw, Sapientia Press, 2015, pp. 83-90. “A Glance at the Face of God,” The Sacred in the Thought of Roger Scruton, ed. Peter Bryson, Bloomsbury Press, in press.
“Is the New Natural Law Thomistic?” National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly, June 2013, pp. 57-67.
“The common good of humanity,” Proceedings of the XIII Session of the Pontifical Academy of St. Thomas, Libreria Editricia Vaticana, 2013.
“Some Observations on Natural Law,” Diametros 38, December 2013, pp. 153-175.
“From Natural Law to Natural Rights in John Locke,” in The Modern Turn, Catholic University of America Press.
“The Liberalism of John Rawls: A Brief Exposition”, in C. Wolfe and J. Hittinger, eds., Liberalism at the Crossroads: An Introduction to Liberal Political Theory and Its Critics; Rowman and Littlefield, substantially revised, 2nd edition, 2003, 1-20.
“A Defense of Scottish Commonsense,” Philosophical Quarterly , vol. 52, 2002, 151-168. (Reprinted in John Haldane and Stephen Read, eds. The Philosophy of Thomas Reid: A Collection of Essays, Blackwell, 2003.)
“Natural Law and Civil Society,” in Simone Chambers and Will Kymlicka, eds., Alternative Conceptions of Civil Society, Princeton University Press, 2002, 131-150.
“Is the Common Good of Political Society Limited and Instrumental?” Review of Metaphysics, vol. 55, 2001, pp. 799-816.
“The Interpretation of Bertrand Russell’s Gray’s Elegy Argument,” in A. Irvine and G. Wedeking, eds. Bertrand Russell and Analytic Philosophy, University of Toronto Press, 1994, 37-65.
“The Doctrine of Relations in Russell’s Principles of Mathematics,” Tópicos, Spring 1992, 153-182.
“Quine’s 1946 Lectures on Hume,” Journal of the History of Philosophy, 27, 1989, pp. 445-459.
“Cleanthes’ Case for Theism,” Sophia, 27, pp. 11-19, April 1988.
“Philosophical ‘Types’ in Hume’s Dialogues,” in V. Hope, ed., Philosophers of the Scottish Enlightenment, Edinburgh University Press, 1984, 116-132.
M. Malink, Aristotle’s Modal Syllogistic, in Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 2014.03.04.
J. Miller, The Reception of Aristotle’s Ethics, in Ethics, Vol. 124, No. 3 (April 2014), pp. 645-64.
J. Echeñique, Aristotle’s Ethics and Moral Responsibility, in Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 2013.11.42.
E. Garver, Aristotle’s Politics:Living Well and Living Together, reviewed in Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Volume 92, Issue 1, January 2014, pages 190-192.
C. Shields, Aristotle, reviewed in the Journal of Hellenic Studies, 2012.
E. Salem, In Pursuit of the Good: Intellect and Action in Aristotle’s Ethics, in Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, 2010.04.06.
G.E.M. Anscombe, Faith in a Hard Ground, reviewed in New Blackfriars, July 2010.
C.C. W. Taylor, Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics II-IV, reviewed in Classical Review, 60:1, Fall 2009.
D. Sedley, ed., Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, vol. XVII,Summer 2004, reviewed in Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 2006 (3.10).
R. King, Aristotle on Life and Death, reviewed in Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 2004 (6.10).
D. Sedley, ed., Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume XVII, 1999, reviewed in Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 2001 (7.22).
R. Weiss, Socrates Dissatisfied, reviewed in Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 2000 (6.25).
J. Howland, The Paradox of Political Philosophy, reviewed in Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 2000 (2.36).
A. Tessitore, Aristotle on Virtue and Politics, reviewed in Ancient Philosophy 18, 1998.
P. Simpson, The Politics of Aristotle, reviewed in Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 1998 (1.21).
M. McPherran, The Religion of Socrates, reviewed in Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 1997 (12.11).
S. P. Menn, Plato on God as Nous, reviewed in Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 1997 (12.12).
P. Vander Waerdt, The Socratic Movement, reviewed in Ancient Philosophy 17, 1997.
O. Leaman, ed. Friendship East and West: Philosophical Perspectives, reviewed in the Times Literary Supplement, March 21, 1997.
A. Kenny, Aristotle on the Perfect Life, reviewed in Ancient Philosophy 15, 1995.
Presentations and Lectures
“The Meaning of Sex Differences and Marriage in Maritain,” Plenary Session, American Maritain Association annual conference, Fordham University, Lincoln Center, New York, February 27, 2016.
Response to Thomas Pink, “Law and the Normativity of Obligation,” Department of Philosophy, Ave Maria University, December 8, 2015.
“Aristotle a Living Authority for the American Founders,” Torrey Honors Institute Lecture Series, Biola University, November 9, 2015.
“Aristotle on Anger,” Honors Seminar, Biola University, November 9, 2015.
“Aristotle on Mildness,” Aristotle Workshop, Union College, October 16, 2015.
“The Consistency of Rawlsian Liberalism with the Public Philosophy of the Founders,” American Political Science Association Meeting, San Francisco, September 4, 2015.
“The Signficance of the Kalon in Aristotle’s Ethics,” Rice University, Houston, April 10, 2015.
“Aristotle on the Missing Sense,” University of St. Thomas, Houston, April 9, 2015.
“Aristotle on the Missing Sense,” Research Seminar in Ancient Philosophy, Department of Philosophy, University of São Paulo, April 2, 2015
“The Significance of the Kalon in Aristotle’s Ethics,” Research Seminar in Ancient Philosophy, Department of Philosophy, University of São Paulo, March 31, 2015.
“Aristotle a Living Authority for the American Founders,” Pembroke College, Oxford, England, March 18, 2015.
“The Significance of the Kalon in Aristotle’s Ethics,” Aristotle Workshop, Catholic University of Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, December 19-21, 2014.
“The Declaration of Independence as a Paradigm of Appeals to Natural Law,” James Wilson Seminar on Jurisprudence and Natural Law, Washington, DC, May 3, 2014.
“A Glance at the Face of God”, conference on Roger Sruton on “The Sacred,” McGill University, Montreal, April 12-13, 2014.
“The common good of humanity,” Plenary Session of the Pontifical Academy of St. Thomas Aquinas, Vatican City, June 21-22, 2013.
“Nicomachean Ethics 1174b14-1175a3,” Workshop on Pleasure in the Nicomachean Ethics, Catholic University of Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, February 14-15, 2012.
“Aristotle’s Doctrine of the Mean Reconsidered,” conference “In the Footsteps of the Ancients” in honor of Sarah Waterlow Broadie, St. Andrews University, St. Andrews, Scotland, Nov. 5-6, 2011.
“The Family as Containing the Archai of Political Society,” Wheately Institution, Brigham Young University, September 15, 2011.
“Newman on Participation,” Thomistic Studies Colloquium, Washington, D.C., March 11, 2011.
“From Natural Law to Natural Rights in John Locke,” Fall Lecture Series, “The Modern Turn,” The Catholic University of America, November 12, 2010.
“The Appeal to Nature and the Household in Aristotle, Politics I,” 10th Philosophy in Assos Conference, Assos, Turkey, June 29, 2010.
“The Definitional Priority of Agent to Act,” conference on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, Book VI: Intertwining Interpretations, University of Patras, Department of Philosophy 10th Anniversary Conference, Patras, Greece, June 26, 2010.
“Neuroscience and Friendship,” Newman Lecture Series, Potomac Institute, Arlington, Virginia, May 21, 2010.
“The Sixth and Seventh Ways”, Thomistic Studies Colloquium, Washington D.C., March 12, 2010.
“Natural and Conventional Justice in Nicomachean Ethics V.7,” Campus Martius Seminar, Acton Institute, Rome, Italy, 28 May 2009.
“The Individuation of the Virtues in Aristotle’s Ethics,” ‘White Russians’ Seminar, Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, Italy, 20 May 2009.
“The Great Question—and a Diminutive Answer: On ‘Practical Truth’ in Aristotle,” Faculty of Philosophy, Pontifical University of the Holy Cross, Rome, Italy, 23 April 2009.
“Practical Truth in Anscombe and Aristotle”, International Conference on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, book VI, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil, 15-17 October 2008.
“De Anima 404b7-30: Cognition as a Mark of the Soul”, Mayweek Seminar, Faculty of Classics, Cambridge University, 27 May 2008.
“Observations on the Right to Property,” Conference on Competition and the Free Market, Hayek Society, University of Vienna, 5 May 2008.
“Necessitation and Double Effect in Nic. Eth. III.1”, Philosophy Department, University of Maryland, 18 April 2008. “To Die For?—Happiness and Aristotelian Courage”, Philosophy Department, George Washington University, March 28, 2008.
“Reply to ‘Aquinas on Judging Injustice’”, Eastern Division APA, Baltimore, MD, 29 December 2007.
“Aristotle and the Runaway Chariot Problem,” Faculty of Philosophy, Cambridge University, 24 April 2007.
“The Dignity of the Human Person and the Philosophy of John Rawls”, Conference on the Philosophical Foundations of Human Dignity, Ralph McInerny Center, Washington, D.C., 3 March 2006.
“The Ultimate Final Argument”, Department of Philosophy, University of Cincinnati, 17 November 2006.
“Magnitudo Animi in Cicero’s De Officiis”, Mayweek Seminar, Faculty of Classics, Cambridge University, 31 May 2006.
“De Somniis 2,” Mayweek Seminar, Faculty of Classics, Cambridge University, I June 2005.
“Aristotle and Moral Absolutes” Department of Philosophy, Universidad Panamericana, Mexico City, January 28, 2005.
“The Meaning of Aristotelian Magnanimity,” Department of Philosophy, University of Texas at Austin, 2 March 2004; and B Club, Faculty of Classics, Cambridge University, 12 May 2003.
“Plato, Alcibiades I”, New York City Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy, 11 October 2003. “De Sensu 4,” Mayweek Seminar, Faculty of Classics, Cambridge University, 28 May 2003.
“‘Silencing’ in Platonic Ethics”, Eighth Annual Arizona Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, 23 February 2003.
“The Ultimate Final Argument”, Conference on Mind and Nature in the Ancient World, University of California, Davis, 4 October 2002.
“Degrees of Separation in the Phaedo”, 25th Annual Workshop in Ancient Philosophy, University of Texas, Austin, March 23, 2002.
“Reply to Stephen Gardiner on ‘Basic and Non-Basic Virtues’,” American Philosophical Association, Pacific Division Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 31 March 2001.
“Commentary on Jennifer Whiting,” Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy. Boston College, 30 November 2000.
“Nicomachean Ethics VIII.1-7,” New York City Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy, NYU, 14 October 2000.
“Commentary on John Sisko,” Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy, Brown University, 16 March 2000.
“The Development of John Rawls' Political Philosophy,” Conference on Law and Religion, Centre for Renewal in Public Policy, Montebello, Quebec, 15-18 October 1999.
“Is There a Specifically Political Common Good in Aquinas?” Conference on the Common Good, University of Notre Dame Law School, 8 November 1997.
“Aristotle on Reflective Perception and Friendship: Nicomachean Ethics IX.9”, Brown University Department of Classics, 16 April 1997.
“Plato’s Lysis and Platonic lysis,” Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy, Annual Meeting, Binghamton, New York, 22 October 1995.
“How the Problem of Egoism and Altruism Appeared to Aristotle,” Brown University Philosophy Department, 20 April 1995.
“Eudemian vs. Nicomachean Friendship,” Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy, Binghamton, New York, October 1993.
“Romantic Individualism: The Role of Individuality in Liberal Political Theory”, Conference on Problems of Contemporary Liberalism, American Public Philosophy Institute, Princeton University, Jun 1992.
“The Interpretation of Bertrand Russell’s Gray’s Elegy Argument,” Conference on “Bertrand Russell and the Rise of Analytic Philosophy,” University of British Colombia, Vancouver, Canada, June 1991.
“Quine’s Lectures on Hume,” Hume Society Conference, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland, August 1984.
I have loved coming to the Busch School for the talented and creative colleagues I have found here, with fine human qualities; the competent and pleasant staff; and the delightful students. Besides that, the School is part of an historic research university, with a coherent and admirable mission, located in Washington, DC!– Michael Pakaluk
In His Words ...
Office: 309a McMahon Hall